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Improve the Degree Legal System to ensure the high -quality development of the degree work -、The person in charge of the Policies and Regulations Department of the Ministry of Education answered the reporter question on the "Degree Law of the People's Republic of China"
2024-04-28 15:10 The official website of the Ministry of Education    (Click: )
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    April 26, 2024,The Ninth Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Fourteenth National People's Congress voted through the "Degree Law of the People's Republic of China",Starting from January 1, 2025。Office of the Degree Committee of the State Council、The person in charge of the Policy and Regulations of the Ministry of Education answered questions from reporters on the "Degree Law of the People's Republic of China"。

1. Please introduce the background and process of the Degree Law。

Answer: Party Central Committee、The State Council attaches great importance to degree work and high -level talent training。The 20th National Congress of the Party,Accelerate the construction of a strong country for education、Science and technology power、Talent Powerful Power,Comprehensively improve the quality of talent cultivation,Strengthen basic discipline、Emerging Discipline、Interdisciplinary Construction,Accelerate the construction of Chinese characteristics、World -class universities and advantageous disciplines。May 29, 2023,General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasizes when he is collectively studying at the Political Bureau of the Central Committee,To speed up the construction of Chinese characteristics、World -class universities and superior disciplines as the top priority,Requirements to continuously improve the original innovation ability and talent training quality。1980,The 13th Session of the Standing Committee of the Fifth National People's Congress passed the "Degree Regulations of the People's Republic of China"。Degree Regulations as the first education law in my country,Established my country's degree system,188bet appOpening the process of education and rule of law,In promoting high -level talent training、Play an important role in promoting higher education and economic and social development。As my country enters the new development stage,Degree Regulations can no longer meet practical needs,Need to modify and improve。2018,The legislative planning of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress includes the degree regulations (modified) in legislative planning。The Ministry of Education is investigating and arguing、Based on the extensive solicitation of opinions,Drafted to form the "Draft Draft Law of the People's Republic of China (Draft for Review)",In November 2021, the State Council was invited to review。June 2023,The 8th Executive Meeting of the State Council discussed and passed the draft in principle,In July 2023, the National People's Congress Standing Committee was requested to review。Since then,The Ministry of Education actively cooperates with the National People's Congress Constitution and Legal Committee、National People's Congress Education and Culture and Health Committee、The Legal Work Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress carried out a legislative survey for degree law、Modification and improvement of comments and drafts。August 2023、April 2024,The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress conducted two reviews on the draft of the degree law。April 26, 2024,The ninth meeting of the Standing Committee of the 14th National People's Congress passed the voting,Same Day,President Xi Jinping signed the chairman order,Announced the "Donestion Law of the People's Republic of China"。

2. What are the fundamental requirements and basic principles of degree work?

Answer: Article 3 of the Degree Law,Degree work Insist on the leadership of the Communist Party of China,Comprehensively implement the national education policy,Practice the core values ​​of socialism,Implement the fundamental task of Lide Shushu。This is the degree work always maintains the right direction,Implementation as a party education、The fundamental guarantee required for national education。Article 3 also stipulates that the degree work shall follow the law of education,Adhere to fairness、Justice、Public,Adhere to the principle of unity of academic freedom and academic norms。

3. What is the degree work system?

Answer: The degree method establishes a degree work system with Chinese characteristics。1 is to clarify the national degree work of the Degree Committee of the State Council,The Education Administrative Department of the State Council is responsible for the work of national degree management,The former set up an office in the latter。The second is to clarify the State Council and the provincial layered management,Each province、Autonomous Region、Establish a provincial 188bet mobile app androiddegree committee for municipality,Under the guidance of the Degree Committee of the State Council,Lead the degree work of the administrative regional degree,Provincial Education Administrative Department is responsible for work related to the administrative regional degree management。Third, the combination of autonomous management of administrative management and degree awarding unit。In the State Council's Degree Committee、Provincial Degrees Committee and Education Administrative Department of the State Council、Provincial Education Administrative Department's degree management,Requires the degree awarding unit to set up a degree assessment committee,Responsible for the degree -related matters of the unit。

4. What conditions do you need to get a degree award、What procedures are fulfilled?

Answer: Chapter III of the Degree Law stipulates the approval system for degree grants。First is the subject of the application。College of colleges and universities can apply for a bachelor's、Master degree、Democratic degree qualification,Scientific research institutions can apply for a master's degree、Democratic degree qualification。Second is the condition for clearing the application,Article 12 stipulates the conditions for applying for a degree grant,At the same time authorized the State Council's Degree Committee、The Provincial Degrees Committee makes specific regulations on conditions。Third, the subject and procedure of clear approval,Bachelor's degree qualification is approved by the Provincial Degree Committee,Report the Degree Committee of the State Council for the record; the master's degree is qualified to be reviewed by the provincial degree committee,Report to the Degree Committee of the State Council for approval; PhD degree granting qualifications by the Education Administrative Department of the State Council will be reviewed by the State Council,Report to the Degree Committee of the State Council for approval。Fourth, expand the autonomy of the degree awarding unit,Fighting the results of simplified administration and decentralization in practice,Clear degree awarding units that meet the qualified degree can be carried out by the State Council's degree committee.、Dr. Awarding Point Audit。In addition,Degree Law Clarify the State Council's Degree Committee can according to major national needs and economic development、Technology Innovation、Cultural inheritance、Maintain the health needs of the people's lives,Settings of the relevant degree awarding point、Layout and degree awarding separate stipulated conditions and procedures,Strengthen the layout of the country at the point of granting and strengthen the basic discipline、Emerging Discipline、Coordinating role in the construction of cross -disciplinary disciplines。

5. How is the degree law requirements for degree law?

Answer: The degree law further improves the degree award condition。1 is to 188bet online sports bettingspecify basic requirements。Clarified that the degree applicant should support the leadership of the Communist Party of China,Support the socialist system,Follow the Constitution and Law,Follow academic ethics and academic norms,Emphasize that the corresponding academic requirements should be met、academic level or professional level。The second is to highlight the classification。According to bachelor、Master degree、Dr. three levels of the three levels are clearly granted the conditions; according to academic degrees、Professional degrees, two types, stipulate the degree awarding conditions,Further reflect the differences and characteristics of the two types of degrees,Among them, academic degree prominent academic research ability,Professional degree prominent professional practical ability。Third is to encourage characteristic development。Considering the type of units in my country、layer、The level of school running and characteristics is different,The degree method is at the same time as the prescribed degree awarding conditions,Given degree awarding units more school autonomy and academic autonomy,Requires the granting unit of each degree in accordance with the law,Combined with the academic evaluation criteria of the unit,Formulate specific standards for degree award with the characteristics of the unit。Establish a specific standard time for degree award,Depending on the conditions stipulated in this Law,Adhere to the scientific evaluation orientation,Fully listen to the opinions of the relevant aspects,After fulfilling the internal decision -making procedure of the degree awarding unit,Public release implementation。In addition,The degree law stipulates that the degree awarding unit for an overseas individual who apply for degree,Academic requirements stipulated in this Law、Academic level or professional level conditions and related procedures award the corresponding degree。

6. How to understand the "degree in academic degree in the degree law of the degree law、Professional degree and other types ",How to classify academic degrees and professional degrees、Classification Evaluation?

Answer: To meet the needs of various types of talents in economic and social development,The degree method is clear "Division is divided into academic degree、Professional degree and other types ",This is a major breakthrough in this legislation,It is the top -level design that accelerates the cultivation of diversified high -level talents,It is also a summary of the experience of exploring more than 30 years of professional degree graduate education practice。What you want to point out is,Degree Law Article 2 stipulates that "equal types" when the degree type stipulates,This leaves an institutional space 188bet casino reviewfor the establishment of other degree types for exploring the establishment of other degree types。

2023,The Ministry of Education issued the "Opinions on the Development of Education and Development of Education of Academic Degree and Professional Degree Graduate Education",Point out that two types of equal status、Equal important,All are important ways to train high -level innovative talents,and further strengthen the positioning、Standards、Admissions、Training、Evaluation、Differential requirements of teachers and other links。Next,The requirements of the degree law will be implemented,Persevere problem -oriented、Respect law、Overall advance、mechanism innovation,Education with science and education、The integration of production and education as the direction,Pay attention to the transformation and upgrading of the cultivation process of existing talents,Strengthen the full chain、Connect of reform measures in various links,Enhance the talent training chain、The matching degree of the work management chain,The systemicity of enhanced reforms、operability、effectiveness、Long Effects,Promoting the training unit to realize the change of internal system and mechanism。

7. How is the degree law that guarantees the quality of the degree grant?

Answer: The degree law clearly proposes "guarantee the quality of the degree",and set up special chapters to make detailed regulations,Comprehensively build a degree quality assurance system。1 is to highlight self -management,Emphasize the subject responsibility of the quality assurance of the degree awarding unit,Requirement of the degree awarding unit shall establish the unit's degree quality guarantee system,Strengthen enrollment、Training、Degree Gift and other full -process quality management,Timely public information,Accept social supervision,Guarantee quality of grant degree。Second is to strengthen external supervision,It is stipulated that the Education Administrative Department of the State Council and the Provincial Degrees Commission shall regularly organize experts within their respective responsibilities to evaluate the approved degree awarding units and degree awarding points。Third is to strengthen the construction of the mentor team,Requires the degree awarding unit is good for graduate students、Teachers with a higher academic level or strong practical ability、Scientific researchers or professionals serve as instructor,Establish selection、Assessment、Supervision and dynamic adjustment mechanism; at the same time, doctoral students should work hard to study and practice,Carefully prepare degree papers or practical results,Make sure to meet academic norms and innovative requirements。Fourth is to clarify legal responsibility。Regulations for the quality of the degree that cannot be 188bet casino reviewguaranteed,Ordered rectification within a time limit;,Rejected the corresponding degree grant qualification; degree applicant、Degree winners have academic misconduct and other circumstances,Decision on Degree Evaluation Committee,No degree or cancellation degree。

8. How to deal with degree disputes in accordance with the law,The legitimate rights and interests of the degree applicant and the degree winner?

Answer: The legislative purpose of the degree law insists on protecting the legitimate rights and interests of the applicant's legitimate rights and interests,Improve the solution and procedure requirements of the dispute awarding dispute。For example,Stipulate that the degree awarding unit plans to give a degree or cancel the degree decision,It should be informed of the content and facts to be decided、Reasons、Based on and listened to statements and defense; degree applicants have objections to the conclusion of academic evaluation,You can apply for academic review;、No degree or cancellation of its degree,You can apply for a review,or request relevant agencies to deal with it in accordance with the law。

The degree awarding unit shall implement the degree law,Process degree disputes according to law。One aspect,To strengthen the construction of the review system in the school,Let it truly protect the rights and interests、The role of resolving contradictions。The degree award unit shall refine the degree awarding conditions in accordance with the relevant regulations of the Degree Law、Standards、Program、Academic Review、Degree review and other relevant institutional mechanisms,Ensure that the system is fair、Justice,and disclose to teachers and students。On the other hand,Disputes in accordance with laws and regulations。When a degree controversy occurs,It is necessary to handle strict requirements in accordance with the requirements of the law and the requirements of the school rules and regulations.,The school's appeal committee should absorb representatives of off -school experts to participate,Make sure independent、Disputes of impartial handling,To make the facts clear、Program proper、Handling fair、Smooth relief,Promoting the substantive resolution of the degree dispute。

9. What are the measures to promote the implementation of the degree law?

Answer: The degree law is a major achievement in the work of the new era degree work and the construction of the rule of law in the rule of law。Implement the degree law,It is an important basis for the high -quality development of degree work on the track of the rule of law,It is also a powerful support for the modernization of the education governance system and governance capabilities。The degree method will be implemented from January 1, 2025,Digests awarding units in various places,First, we must fully understand the significance of the degree law,The spirit 188bet reviewof the in -depth study of the degree method,Accurately grasp the laws and regulations,Clarify the management requirements of the degree work; second, we must comprehensively clean up existing relevant regulations before the law is implemented、Regulations and policy documents,Anyone which is inconsistent with the Degree Law,The revision should be started according to the program and permissions,Modify or abolish in time; Third,According to the provisions of the degree law,Planning、There are steps、Focus on formulating or promoting the formulation of supporting policies。Ministry of Education、The Degree Committee of the State Council will be issued by printing and issuing, propagating, propagating and implementing the implementation of the degree law、Organizational revision related policy documents、Release of degree legal term interpretation、Organize the implementation of the degree law to implement relevant training and other methods,Continue to promote the study, propaganda, implementation of the law。After the degree method is officially implemented,Donestions awarding units in various places shall strictly follow the relevant provisions of the Degree Law,Carry out degree -related work in accordance with the law,Promote the quality of talent cultivation with the effectiveness of laws and implementation、Promoting innovation development,Construction of Education Powerful Power、Science and technology power、Talent Powerful Power,Services to comprehensively build a socialist modernization country。

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